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Pakistan’s Cyber Crime Bill 2007 January 20, 2007

Posted by R.S in Cyber Crime, Cyber law, E-governance, hacking, Pakistan.
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The Federal Cabinet approved the adoption of The Prevention of Electronic Crimes Bill 2007 on 17 January 2007. The proposed law titled as Prevention of Electronic Crimes Bill 2007 offers penalties ranging from six months imprisonment to capital punishment for 17 types of cyber crimes, including cyber terrorism, hacking of websites and criminal access to secure data.

The bill deals with the electronic crimes included, cyber terrorism, criminal access, criminal data access, data damage electronic fraud, electronic forgery, misuse of electronic system or electronic device, unauthorised access to code, misuse of encryption, misuse of code, cyber stalking and suggest stringent punishment for offences involving sensitive electronic crimes.

It proposes seven years punishment on charges of electronic fraud and electronic forgery and would not have the right of bail whereas those tried for data damage, system damage and criminal data access, misuse of electronic system or electronic device would get maximum three-year punishment with the right of bail.

The bill suggests maximum punishment of death or life imprisonment for those booked under cyber crimes or involved in sensitive electronic systems offences.

Following the passage of the mentioned bill, the Minister for Information Technology Awais Ahmad Khan Leghari stated that the e-crime law would require the internet companies maintain their traffic data for at least six months to enable the agencies to investigate cases involving data stored by them. He said the law would enable the government to seek extradition of foreign nationals through Interpol for their involvement in criminal activities punishable under the law.

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Newsrack… a great tool January 16, 2007

Posted by fredericknoronha in Uncategorized.
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Newsrack is a great tool. You can use it to keep track of news on issues related to keywords of your interest. Written by a friend, Subramanya “Subbu” Sastry <sastry at cs.wisc.edu>

In Subbu’s words:

I am Subbu and I have been working on the news monitoring tool NewsRack, one of which is accessible at http://floss.sarai.net/newsrack Currently, over 250 users have registered with NewsRack….

At this time, NewsRack is able to track news from 5 different Hindi sources:

  • Dainik Jagran
  • BBC-Hindi
  • Navbharat Times
  • Dainik Bhaskar
  • Hindustan Dainik

and one Kannada source

  • Kannada Prabha

This list is expected to grow in the future.

So, at this time, on NewsRack, it is possible to track only Hindi news from the above sources, or it is possible to track English and Hindi (and Kannada) news at the same time for the same topic. As an example, check the coverage for the ongoing Singur land acquisition saga http://floss.sarai.net/newsrack/Browse.do?owner=subbu&issue=Land+Issues&catID=3

It would be good as an example to set up something entirely in Hindi .. so
feel free to email me if any of you has a need for tracking a particular
topic using the above Hindi sources.

Check out the Goa-linked stories on Newsrack.

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Blog of the ‘vicious beast’ January 15, 2007

Posted by fredericknoronha in Uncategorized.
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Derek Cordeiro very modestly showed me the template and blog he had created for himself. Derek, 22, is a Goa Engineering College student and the guy who keeps my comp(s) working… in fine shape. He has done it for years, and I’ve had no complaint whatsoever. One can always rely on his ingenuity to find some solution to any (or so it seems) problem one things of in the IT world. His blog says:

This blog isn’t about anything specific. I usually focus on alternate technology, better technology, Free/ Open Source Software, Books(Technical) and various events in my life… Viciously Yours, The Beast.

Looks neat. Well made. Looking forward to more blogs. Specially from the GNU/Linux community in Goa… and everyone else too.

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F[L]OSS … in the neighbourhood January 14, 2007

Posted by fredericknoronha in Uncategorized.
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It was nice to see my essay on Free and Open Source Software in Pakistan (unexpectedly) make it to the cover of the Linux For You magazine. Thanks to the International Open Source Network for giving me the opportunity to compile this in the first place, and making it sharable! I need to work on some of the corrections and additions that I received feedback on. It was very interesting working on this report… and spreading the word about how much is actually happening in a way that sometimes doesn’t get the attention it deserves.

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BytesForAll… getting a new cyberhome January 13, 2007

Posted by fredericknoronha in Uncategorized.
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The Association for Progressive Communications

Warren Noronha (no relative!) is telling me right now on Gmail chat about his updates on the BytesForAll site (actually, a major overhaul and shift-over). Take a look, and get a sneak preview:

Bytes For All | Computing and the Internet for the Majority of the World

Of course, it’s not yet formal. Or even offically ribbon-cut 🙂

Here’s a quote I quite liked:

“The root of wealth or poverty lies in the ends we have inmind, not in the means to those ends. If the hand is ready then findingthe instrument of action should not be difficult” — Rabindranath Tagore

Bytes for All (B4All) is a networked space for citizens in SouthAsia. It experiments, highlights and

organizes debate on the relevanceof ICT to development activities. South Asia – often considered as anICT powerhouse, is also the home of highest number of poor people inthe World. Poverty is not just about income or GDP, its also abouthuman development, access to better life, education, health,opportunities, empowerment and human rights. In human developmentindex, South Asia doesn’t stand brighter either. We do not create thehype that technology will solve all problem overnight. Rather weemphasize that causes to poverty are related to socio-political issuessuch as, un-equal distribution mode of a society, unfair trade regime,lack of good governance etc. Then what technology can do? We believe,technology can play an important role in facilitating the objectives

ofthis socio-political solutions. Therefore when we talk about ICTsolutions to poverty, we are not devoid of context and reality. Werefer ICT as a process that can help achieving certain objectives moreeffectively, quickly and without the need of any gate keeper. To ourview, IC

T doesn’t replace t

he need of good governance or people’srights to get equal opportunities, rather ICT can complement thisprocess. When you read Bytes for All, please understand this is ourspirit.

My first impresions: neat and tidy. A few pics and…

Thanks to everyone who shared this dream and made it possible. (Primarily Partha … and Warren… and many, many more volunteers. Reba “Ms Spider” Shahid. Archana Nagvenkar. Zunaira Durrani. Shahzad.

Farrah in the NWFP. Jehan Ara. Subhrangshu Choudhary. Ridhi D’Cruz. Nalaka. Abhas @ DeepRoot.co.in, Monjur Mahmud. Lasanthi. Farhad. Prayas @ Crimsonfeet.org, Mahrukh. Sajan Venniyoor. BNNRC. Sangeeta Naik. Faoud Bajwa. Daryl Martyris.

I’m sure I probably missed out some names!

We would be simply pretending and making untrue claims if we didn’t acknowledge that this was taken forward by dozens if not hundreds who helped in every possible way… along the route.)

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Challenging The Chip: The Underbelly of ICT January 11, 2007

Posted by fredericknoronha in India.
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Interesting! Despite all the optimism about ICTs, this cannot be ignored! http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Challenging_The_Chip Challenging The Chip From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Main Category: Non-fiction book stubs

Challenging The Chip is a 2006-published book on “labour rights andenvironmental justice in the global electronics industry”. It ispublished by Temple University Press, Philadelphia. In three parts,the book looks at global electronics, environmental justice and labourrighs, and electronic waste and extended producer responsibility.Infour apendices, the book also deals with the principles ofenvironmental justice, the computer take-back campaign, sampleshareholder resolutions, and the electronics recycler’s pledge of truestewardship.

This 357-page book (ISBN 1059213-330-4) was put together by “scores ofpeople around the world (who) have been involved over the course ofseveral years in the conceptualization, development, editing andproduction (of it)”.

Contents[hide]

* 1 “Downside not addressed”

* 2 Third World women’s labour, pollute surroundings

* 3 Comments on the book

* 4 Regions covered

* 5 Contributors

* 6 Editors

* 7 External links

[edit] “Downside not addressed”

Says an introduction to its contents: “Of the millions of wordswritten over the past several decades about the electronics industry’sincredible transformation of our world, far too few have beenaddressed (to) the downside of this revolution. Many are surprised tolearn that environmental degredation and occupational health hazardsare as much a part of high-tech manufacturing as miniaturization andother such marvels.”

[edit] Third World women’s labour, pollute surroundings

Editors Ted Smith, David A Sonnenfeld and David Naguib Pellow also comment: “Although most consumers are eager to enjoy their latestcomputers, televisions, cellular phones, iPods, and electronic games,few relate the declining prices of these and other electronictechnologies to the labor of Third World women, who are paid pennies aday. Fewer still realize that the amazingly powerful microprocessorsand superminiaturized, high-capacity memory devices harm the workerswho produce them and pollute the sorrounding communities’ air andwater.

[edit] Comments on the book

Dr. Sandra Steingraber, author of the book Living Downstream: AnEcologist Looks at Cancer and the Environment calls this book”essential reading for anyone who owns a cell phone or a computer” andsays “our digital possessions connect us not only to globalinformation but also to global contamination and injustice”. MITProfessor of Technology and Policy and co-author of Technology,Globalization, and Sustainable Development calls the work “animpressive, comprehensive critique and hopeful, but realistic,blueprint for transforming the global electronics industry into asustainable one encompassing technological advance, environmentalimprovement, and equitable, safe, and secure employment”.

Jan Mazurek of the University of California at Los Angeles’sDepartment of Urban Planning and author of Making Microchips says that”contrary to high tech’s clean image, this pioneering work illustratesthe industry’s environmental and economic downsides from thebirthplace of Silicon Valley to the four corners of the globe to whichthe industry recently has spread”. Mazurek comments that this book is”told from the compelling and passionate perspective of workers andactivists involved in these struggles”.

[edit] Regions covered

Chapters of the book cover “Made in China” electronics workers,Thailand’s electronic sector’s corporate social responsibility,electronic workers in India, workers in and around Central and EasternEurope’s semiconductor plants (Russia, Belarus, Slovakia, CzechRepublic, Poland and Romania), Silicon Valley’s Toxics’ Coalition andworkers’ struggles, Mexico, Taiwan’s Hsinchu Science Park, otherissues from Taiwan, high-tech pollution in Japan, the electronic wastetrade, e-waste in Delhi, producer responsibility laws in Sweden andJapan, among other themes.

[edit] ContributorsIts contributors include David A Sonnenfeld, Boy Lüthje, Joseph LaDou,Anibel Ferus-Comelo, Apo Leong, Sanjiv Pandita, Tira Foran, AndrewWatterson, Andrew Watterson, Shengling Chang, Leslie A. Byster, TedSmith,David N. Pellow, Glenna Matthews, James McCourt, Connie García,Amelia Simpson, Raquel E. Partida Rocha, Hua-Mei Chiu, Wen-Ling Tu,Yu-Ling Ku, Robert Steiert, Leslie A. Byster, Ted Smith, FumikazuYoshida, Jim Puckett, Ravi Agarwal, Kishore Wankhade, Chad Raphael,Ted Smith, Ken Geiser, Joel Tickner, Naoko Tojo, David Wood and RobinSchneider.

[edit] Editors

This book is edited by Ted Smith, David A Sonnenfeld and David NaguibPellow, with Leslie A. Byser, Shenglin Chang, Amanda Hawes, Wen-LingTu, and Andrew Watterson. Its foreword is by Jim Hightower.[edit]

External links* Asian Monitor Resource Centre (AMRC), Hong Kong* Basel Action Network (BAN), Seattle* Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), Amsterdam* Computer TakeBack Campaign (CTBC), California* Enviornmental Health Coalition, California* International Camapign for Responsible Technology, San Jose* International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health* International Metalworkers’ Federation, Geneva* Lowell Centre for Sustainable Production* People Organized in Defence of Eartth and Her Resources (PODER)* Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition, SVTC, San Jose* South West Organizing Project, Albuquerque, NM* Southwest Network for Environmental and Economic Justice, Albuquerque* Taiwan Association for Victims of Occupational Injuries, TAVOI, Taipei* Taiwan Environmental Action Network, Taipei City* Texas Campaign for the Environment* Thai Labour Campaigns, Bangkok* Toxics Link, New Delhi* Worksafe! A California Coalition

bytesforall_readers : Message: Challenging The Chip

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No complaints: a stolen DVD January 10, 2007

Posted by fredericknoronha in Uncategorized.
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Why would someone in the postal department somewhere (I assume) want to steal my GNU/Linux DVD?

Firstly, I doubt too many postmen use this operating system. (Don’t get me wrong… it would be great if they did.) Secondly, this is Free Software. If someone really wanted it, I would gladly make a copy for them.

One can only assume that the person slitting my magazine envelope, and helping himself to the DVD didn’t quite know what was inside. Anyway, I lost a recent Ubuntu DVD….

The only good news is that the same DVD came in another magazine. There’s so much of Free Software around, that we have to deal with the issues of surplus!

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Yesterday’s politicised students, fighting for change… and relevant tech now January 10, 2007

Posted by fredericknoronha in Uncategorized.
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Photo Karina Vasquez

An ICT-for-development workshop got underway in Goa last weekend.It was  organised by the St John’s University of New York and the
Diocesan Centre for Social Communications Media. Expectedly, and in
keeping with Goa’s size, it is a small event.

Dr Ashok Jhunjhunwala (green shirt, front row, fourth from left), known
for his CorDECT wireless in local loop telephony solutions, and also
for inspiring so many students to do innovative work at IIT-Chennai,
was among those present. We spoke about how politicised students of the
yesteryears had turned into the key movers and shakers in a movement to
now make technology relevant to the common(wo)man. “IIT Kanpur
was at the centre of it all. We were in between two movements, the
Jayaprakash movement, and the Naxalite movement,” he said. And he
also spoke of the latter influences of Gandhism and his links with the
PPST (the Patriotic, and People-Oriented Science and Technology
movement, with its inexpensive and hardly glamourous publications,
which I saw as a young journalist … and which probably influence
a whole lot of other youngsters too).

Of course, Dr Jhunjhunwala was someone who influenced me too…
with his 2001 seminar on telephony for the ‘developing’
world. It’s interesting to see how, over the years, the
possibility of using ICT for more than just export dollars is getting a
serious re-look. But, what’s to be done to prevent the debate
from being hijacked? ….

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